What is Senate Bill 94?
Colorado Senate Bill 91-94 was signed into law on June 5, 1991. The goal of SB94 is to reduce the State’s reliance on detention and commitment placements.
Senate Bill 94 is a statewide initiative that provides for an appropriation of funds to the Department of Human Services/Division of Youth Corrections.
These funds allow for an allocation of resources to each judicial district.
The funds are intended for services that prevent the juvenile from being held in detention, sentenced to detention, or committed to the Department of Human Services. The funds are also used to reduce the length of time the juvenile is held in detention or a commitment facility.
The 19th Judicial District is defined by the physical property which is Weld County.
Senate Bill 94 Description
*Information from the State of Colorado website: http://www.cdhs.state.co.us/dyc/SB94.htm
Background: Prior to the 1991 Session of the Legislature, the projections for future Division of Youth Corrections (DYC) populations were indicating the need for approximately 500 additional secure placement beds. Discussions among the Executive Director of the Department of Institutions, DYC Staff, Legislators and Joint Budget Committee Staff included the possibility of local options and early intervention as a viable alternative to building expensive state facilities. These discussions culminated in the development of Senate Bill 94 which was introduced and adopted during the 1991 Legislative Session. The bill contained provisions that:
- Outlined a process for the development of criteria for placement of juveniles in secure state facilities;
- Specified that a formula should be developed for the allocation of resources to each county in the state for the development of local services to be utilized as alternatives to the placement of youths in secure state facilities;
- Authorized the establishment of pilot programs in local jurisdictions that would provide services for juveniles that would help relieve overcrowding in state operated facilities;
- Specified that guidelines should be established for the emergency release of juveniles from state facilities during periods of crisis overcrowding;
- Provided for the establishment of a Juvenile Services Fund that would distribute funds to local jurisdictions on or after July 1, 1993 based on a local juvenile services plan developed by each jurisdiction. Plans were to include but not be limited to such services as intervention, treatment, supervision, lodging, assessment, bonding programs and family services.
During the summer of 1991 committees were appointed to develop plans to implement the various provisions of the legislation. During the following months of FY 1991-92 criteria was developed, twelve pilot projects were implemented and an emergency release plan was designed. The pilot projects continued through September of 1993.
Senate Bill 134: Senate Bill 134, enacted during the 1993 Legislative Session, changed the local jurisdictions for funding allocations from counties to judicial districts, specified how local juvenile services planning committees were to be appointed, and how plans were to be approved.
Senate Bill 94 Statewide Evaluation: Funding was provided for a statewide evaluation of the effectiveness of local juvenile services plans in reducing the populations in State operated detention and treatment facilities. Annual program evaluation reports are submitted to the Legislature on November 1 of each year.
Senate Bill 94 Statewide Advisory Committee: In 1992, the DYC appointed a statewide advisory committee composed of members of juvenile justice agencies to advise the DYC on policy and program issues affecting the successful implementation of the legislation. The committee has reviewed criteria for placement and the allocation formula, provided input on program evaluation, developed formats for the yearly submission of local SB94 plans, and reviewed and approved all plans prior to implementation.
Senate Bill 94 Detention Assessment Services: In 1995, a subcommittee, composed of representatives of local planning committees, providers, and agency representatives, developed standardized procedures for detention screening and assessment. A detention "Screening and Assessment Guide" was field tested throughout the State. Based on this field test, revisions were made and the instrument was implemented statewide in January, 1996. The detention assessment is designed for use at the time a youth is taken into custody and referred to secure detention, staff secure detention and SB94 funded alternatives to detention. The data collected from the screening and assessment instrument has provided useful profile information on juveniles served in each of these program types.
Common Senate Bill 94 Services: While each local juvenile services planning committee has the responsibility and freedom to develop a SB94 plan that meets the specific needs of its particular judicial district, there are services that are common to many judicial districts. Such services include: case management, tracking, electronic monitoring, the juvenile intensive supervision program, work programs, multi-disciplinary assessment and case planning, mentoring, gender and ethnic specific counseling, parenting classes, referral to mental health and drug/alcohol services, and staff secure detention.